Foch, Ferdinand

(1851-1929)
   military figure
   The commander of the Allied forces on the western front during the later campaigns of World War I, Ferdinand Foch was born in Tarbes and, after being commissioned in the artillery corps (1873), became professor of strategy at the École supérieure de guerre (1894). His lectures and writings (Principes de la guerre, 1903; Conduite de la guerre, 1904) established him as a leading military theoretician. In october 1914, shortly after the outbreak of war, he was charged with coordination of the various Allied forces (French, British, Belgian) in northeastern France. Throughout 1915 and 1916, he was the commanding general of the Allied armies in the north and, in 1917, became chief of the French general staff. After the German advance in spring 1918, the Allies saw the need for a supreme commander. Foch was named commander in chief of all Allied armies, including the American. After initial setbacks, he launched the series of coun-teroffensives that led to final Allied victory. Foch was made a marshal of France in August 1918 (Great Britain and Poland also later conferred that honor on him) and, in November, he signed the armistice that ended the war with the Central Powers. Foch was elected to the Académie Française and left his account of the war in his Mémoires de guerre, published in 1931. He died in Paris.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foch,Ferdinand — Foch (fôsh, fŏsh), Ferdinand. 1851 1929. French marshal and commander in chief of Allied forces on the western front during World War I. * * * …   Universalium

  • Foch, Ferdinand — born Oct. 2, 1851, Tarbes, France died March 20, 1929, Paris French commander of Allied forces in World War I. He entered the artillery corps in 1873 and from 1885 periodically taught military strategy at the war college, becoming its commandant… …   Universalium

  • Foch, Ferdinand — (1851–1929)    Marshal of France and commander of Entente forces in 1918, Ferdinand Foch joined the French army in 1871. With the onset of World War I, Foch commanded the Ninth Army. During the Battle of the Marne he launched the counterattack.… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Foch, Ferdinand — ► (1851 1929) Mariscal francés. Detuvo a los alemanes en la batalla del Marne y, como jefe del ejército del norte, llevó a cabo las ofensivas de primavera y otoño en Artois (1915) y la del Somme (1916). Antes de iniciada la guerra daba clase de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Foch — Foch, Ferdinand …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Foch — Ferdinand Foch Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foch (homonymie). Ferdinand Foch …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand Foch — [fɔʃ] (* 2. Oktober 1851 in Tarbes im Département Hautes Pyrénées; † 20. März 1929 in Paris) war ein französischer Mar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand Foch — Mariscal de Campo Años de servicio 1870–1923 (53 años) Lealtad …   Wikipedia Español

  • FOCH (F.) — FOCH FERDINAND (1851 1929) maréchal de France Né à Tarbes, il fait de solides études au collège des jésuites de Saint Étienne puis de Metz. Il entre ensuite à l’École polytechnique d’où il sortira en 1873 dans l’artillerie. Foch est admis à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Foch — (Ferdinand) (1851 1929) maréchal de France (août 1918). Adjoint du général en chef Joffre (oct. 1914), chef d état major en 1917, commandant suprême des armées alliées en mars 1918. Acad. fr. (1918) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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